2011-12-14  Notice No. 84 of 2011 
关于对美部分进口汽车实施反倾销和反补贴措施的公告
  Implement anti-dumping and countervailing measures against United States auto

Under the "anti-dumping" and "Anti-Subsidy Regulations of the PRC" requirement, May 5, 2011, the Commerce Department published "on the origin of some of the imported cars in the United States anti-dumping anti-subsidy investigation that the final determination." (Ministry of Commerce Notice No. 20 of 2011), ruled in the case of the survey period, originating in the United States, displacement of 2.5 liters of imported cars and sport utility vehicles スポーツ用多目的車(hereinafter referred to as the investigated products) dumping and subsidies, China's domestic displacement of 2.5 liters of cars and off-road vehicle industry has been substantial damage, and dumping, subsidies and the causal relationship between the material injury.

First, the anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties

Under the "anti-dumping" and "Anti-Subsidy Regulations of the PRC," the relevant provisions of the Ministry of Commerce of the State Council Tariff Commission to impose anti-dumping countervailing duty, the State Council Tariff Commission under the Ministry of Commerce of the proposed decision, by the Ministry of Commerce Announcement No. 20 of 2011 as stated in the product under investigation and the scope of investigation, the final ruling from the dumping margin and the final ruling to impose anti-dumping rate of price subsidies and countervailing duties, the implementation period of 2 years from December 15, 2011 played December 14, 2013 only.
 

  anti-dumping  countervailing
          duty
General Motors 8.9% 12.9%
Chrysler 8.8% 6.2%
Mercedes - Benz 2.7%  0%
BMW 2.0%  0%
Honda of America 4.1%  0%
others 21.5%  12.9%

Currently, China imposes tariffs of 25 percent on imported passenger vehicles.

Second, anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties methods

Since December 15, 2011, the import operator imports originating in the United States, displacement of 2.5 liters of imported cars and sport utility vehicles, China Customs shall pay the corresponding anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties. Anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties paid to Customs examination of the price from the taxable value, calculated as follows: anti-dumping duty = price after customs duty × anti-dumping duties, countervailing duty = price after customs duty × countervailing duty rate. Import VAT paid to Customs examination of the price plus customs duties, anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties, as the price of ad valorem tax.

Third, the anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties be levied retroactively

On December 15, 2011 imports of the investigated products are no longer retrospective anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties.

Fourth, the review

In the countervailing duty imposed anti-dumping duties during the relevant stakeholders according to the "Anti-dumping Regulations of the PRC" and "Anti-Subsidy Regulations of the PRC," the relevant provisions of a written application to the investigating authorities to review.

Fifth, administrative reconsideration and administrative litigation

Of the anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties against the decision, under the "anti-dumping" Article 53 and the "Anti-Subsidy Regulations of the PRC," the provisions of Article 52 can apply for administrative reconsideration according to law the people's court proceedings.

Sixth, the announcement from December 15, 2011 implementation date.

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2011-12-15 China Daily

US auto imports face anti-dumping duties

Anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties will be placed on vehicle imports from the United States for two years, the Ministry of Commerce said on Wednesday.

The move is in accordance with domestic legislation and the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, and shows China is finally learning how to protect its interests under international trade rules, analysts said.

The ministry said in a statement on its website that it will start to impose taxes on cars and sports-utility vehicles made in the US with an engine capacity of more than 2.5 liters, from Dec 15, 2011 to Dec 14, 2013.

"US vehicles benefiting from subsidies and dumping on the China market have substantially damaged China's auto industry," the statement said.

General Motors and Chrysler will be affected most by the duties.

Anti-dumping duties on GM vehicles will stand at 8.9 percent and at 8.8 percent for Chrysler vehicles.

GM vehicles will also face anti-subsidy duties of 12.9 percent while Chrysler vehicles will face 6.2 percent anti-subsidy duties.

US units of German automaker BMW and Mercedes-Benz will also be hit by duties of 2.0 percent and 2.7 percent, respectively, according to the statement.

Currently, China imposes tariffs of 25 percent on imported passenger vehicles.

Zhou Shijian, a senior expert on China-US trade from Tsinghua University, said that the move is a "proper and equal" counterattack to US trade investigations aimed at China.

"It's reasonable self-defense for China," Zhou said as he cited the US targeting imports of Chinese tires with massive duties in 2009.

"An eye for an eye is a sound way for China to face trade disputes with the US under WTO regulations."

The Obama administration imposed a 35-percent anti-dumping tariff on imported tires from China valued at about $1.8 billion, over three years. It will result in cutting China's tire exports to the US by more than 50 percent, and lead to possibly 100,000 job losses in China's domestic tire industry.

Li Zhongzhou, a former official from the Ministry of Commerce and a WTO expert from the EU-China Trade Project, also said that "China should strike back in its own good time as the US always stirs up investigations targeting China by routinely using trade remedy measures".

And "it's good to see that China has learnt to better use trade regulations to protect itself and respond to trade challenges", Zhou said.

However, Zhong Shi, an independent auto analyst based in Beijing, said that the duties will have a limited impact on US vehicle exports to China. GM Cadillac models do not have a large market share while Chrysler doesn't do much business in China, Zhong said.

GM's import volume is less than half of one percent of its domestic production in China, a company statement said on Wednesday.

"It's more of a signal that China is exerting pressure on US trade protectionist moves," Zhong said.

China imported 905,000 vehicles up to the end of November, year-on-year growth of 31 percent. Imports for the year are expected to pass the million mark. European automakers dominate the segment with about 60 percent market share.


 

「人民網日本語版」2011年12月15日

中国、米国一部自動車に反ダンピング関税を実施

 中国商務部は14日、「米国製の排気量2.5リッター以上の輸入乗用車に対して、反ダンピング・反補償金措置を実施する。実施期間は、2011年12月15日-2013年12月14日の2年間」とする公告を発表した。新京報が報じた。

 ◆ゼネラル・モーターズも対象

 同公告によると、上述した製品の反ダンピング関税は、税関の審査・決定する課税後価格従価にもとづき計算される。

 中国商務部は2009年9月、中国汽車工業協会が中国産業を代表して提出した申請(米国製の排気量2.0リッター以上の輸入乗用車に対する、反ダンピング・反補償金措置の検討を依頼)を受領していた。審査の後、中国商務部は調査対象車両の排気量を2.5リッター以上に調整した。中国のWTO加盟後、輸入自動車に対する反ダンピング・反補償金措置は今回が初となる。

 中国商務部は今年5月、上述した製品にダンピング・補償金の行為が存在すると認定したが、反ダンピング・反補償金措置の実施には至らなかった。今回の決定は、同問題に対する正式な意思表示となる。ゼネラル・モーターズ、クライスラー等の製品が対象となり、反ダンピング関税率は2-21.5%、反補償金税率は0-12.9%となる。

 ◆一部輸入車価格が上昇

 中国商務部の統計によると、上述した製品は近年、中国国内市場でシェアを拡大している。特に反ダンピング・反補償金調査中の2009年1-9月、調査対象製品の市場シェアが大幅増し、価格も下落した。これにより中国国内の同類製品の価格を押し下げ、国内産業の利益獲得能力に影響を及ぼした。

 対外経貿大学国際経済研究院の桑百川院長は、「中国商務部の今回の措置は、通常通りの貿易訴訟手続きである」と述べた。一般消費者にとっては、反ダンピング・反補償金措置の実施により、上述した自動車価格が上昇することになる。「これらの製品は競争性を持つ商品ではなく、その他の製品に代替される可能性がある。今回の措置により、その他の自動車製造メーカーが中国でシェアを獲得できる。上述企業の中国での業績もまた、影響を被るだろう」。(編集YF)