VESTOLIT GmbH & Co. KG in Marl

VESTOLIT GmbH & Co. KG operates in Marl the largest fully integrated PVC (polyvinyl chloride) production plants in Europe, with a capacity of
350.000 tonnes per annum. Integration means that, from the starting point of energy and the raw materials ethylene and rock salt via the intermediate products EDC (ethylene dichloride) and VCM (vinyl chloride), the production of PVC all takes place at one location.

On 01.01.1995, VESTOLIT GmbH & Co. KG, a wholly-owned subsidiary of today's Degussa-Huls AG, took over the appropriate business and production units of the then Huls AG. At 01.12.1999, VESTOLIT GmbH & Co. KG was acquired by a finance consortium. The consortium is led by a group of international investors under the leadership of
Candover plc., based in London, and D. George Harris & Associates, based in New York.

All the VESTOLIT GmbH & Co. KG production units are located on the Marl chemical complex. The interlocking layout there provides ideal conditions for the supply of energy, raw materials and services.

For over 50 years now, PVC has been produced in Marl. This plastic is outstanding on account of its using such limited amounts of raw material, and its longevity. It is therefore particularly suitable for manufacturing products for the building and automotive sectors. VESTOLIT GmbH & Co. KG is market leader in the manufacture of window frames, as well as paste-making PVC for floor coverings, tarpaulin fabrics and underbody coatings.

Platts 2005/10/25

Germany's Vestolit secures Eur80-mil for Marl chloride plant

Germany's Vestolit has secured the finances to build a new, environmentally-friendly,
260,000 mt/yr chloride plant at a cost of Eur80-mil ($96.3-mil) at the Marl industrial plant, the company announced Tuesday.
The chloride unit was expected to come into operation in the second half of 2007, replacing the current unit which has been in operation for 40 years. Total investment is about Eur100-mil over the next two to three years.
Furthermore, Vestolit was planning to increase
PVC production capacity at Marl to over 400,000 mt/yr, at a cost of about Eur20-mil. Vestolit increased vinyl chloride capacity from 50,000 mt/yr to 400,000 mt/yr in July this year.
Vestolit operates one of the biggest fully-integrated PVC locations in Europe at Marl. In 2004, it produced more than 360,000 mt of PVC, with turnover hitting Eur360-mil.

LVM (The Tessenderlo group)

The Tessenderlo group's plastics activities are managed through its LVM (Limburgse Vinyl Maatschappij) subsidiary, ranking amongst the top European polyvinyl chloride (PVC) manufacturers.

Ever since its foundation in 1969, LVM has been totally committed to its core business : the manufacture of suspension PVC resins (S-PVC) and the ongoing development of a growing range of PVC-based engineered polymers, to suit the increasing customer requirements and meet new application opportunities.

LVM is, within the Tessenderlo group, at the crossroads of a highly integrated activity, both up- and downstream, from base raw materials and compounds to pipe- and profile systems.

     LVMVinnolit-Uhde boiling reactor technologyEDC生産


The raw material for PVC, vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is manufactured at Tessenderlo, in Belgium at the LVM subsidiary. With an annual production capacity of 550,000 tonnes, this unit is the largest in Europe. Its capacity exceeds the group's own internal polymerisation requirements which allows the group to play an active role in the vinyl chloride monomer market. The raw materials for VCM are either chlorine or hydrochloric acid and ethylene.


Tessenderlo Group is currently the sixth largest producer of PVC in Europe. The two PVC suspension production units in the Netherlands (the Beek unit ) and France (the Mazingarbe unit) represent an overall capacity of 440,000 tonnes/year.
In addition to the PVC polymers intended for traditional applications such as plastic pipe systems, profiles, flexible and rigid packaging, etc., over the last ten years, Tessenderlo Group has been involved in the development of a new generation of high performance polymers.
Marvyflo, Marvyloy and Marvylex are the flagship products made from these speciality compounds. They are intended for the automotive, building, electricity and electronic industries.

The Tessenderlo group

The group is structured to clearly reflect the five core activities which are closely linked :
-inorganic chemicals
-natural organic products
-fine chemicals
-plastics converting


Uhde 2004/9/15

Contract for first industrial-scale EDC plant using new Vinnolit - Uhde boiling reactor technology

Uhde GmbH has been awarded a contract by the Belgian chemical company Limburgse Vinyl Maatschappij NV (LVM), a member of the Tessenderlo group, for a new ethylene dichloride (EDC) plant using the innovative new Vinnolit-Uhde boiling reactor technology. The plant will be built at LVM's site in Tessenderlo, Belgium, and will have an annual capacity of 250,000 tonnes of EDC. It is scheduled to come onstream in 2006. Uhde's scope of supplies includes the licence, basic and detail engineering, procurement services, construction management and supervision of the commissioning activities.

This will be the first industrial-scale application of the new
Vinnolit-Uhde technology for the production of EDC through the direct chlorination of ethylene using the new boiling reactor. In this reactor, which has been developed jointly by Uhde and Vinnolit, liquid-phase ethylene reacts catalytically with chlorine to form EDC. The chlorine for the new plant will be produced at a membrane electrolysis plant currently being built by Uhde at the same location for Tessenderlo Chemie. The EDC produced is of such a high quality that destillative purification is no longer necessary and it can be used immediately as feedstock for the production of vinyl chloride (VCM) or offered for sale. VCM will be manufactured as an intermediate from the EDC produced at the plant and this in turn will be used to manufacture PVC.

"Due to the new process and reaction configuration the new Uhde-Vinnolit process is noticeably more cost effective than other processes. It requires less energy and furthermore it is extremely environment-friendly as no liquid by-products are produced. Little space is required and so the new technology can also be easily integrated into existing plant complexes," said Dr. Josef Ertl, Managing Director of Vinnolit.

"This first industrial-scale implementation of the new technology is a great success for the many years of research and development work undertaken jointly by Vinnolit and Uhde and, at the same time, a milestone for further extending our market leadership in the construction of EDC/VCM plants," said Helmut Knauthe, a member of Uhde's Executive Board.

Vinnolit is - with a capacity of 650,000 tonnes a year - the leading PVC manufacturer in Germany, one of the biggest in Europe and ranks among the top ten in the sector worldwide. The national and international activities of the company are controlled from Ismaning near Munich. Its production sites are located in Burghausen, Gendorf, Knapsack and Cologne. In the 2003 business year Vinnolit achieved sales of Euro 536 million and employs approximately 1,550 employees.

Uhde is a company in the Technologies segment of the ThyssenKrupp Group and has a workforce of more than 3,900 employees worldwide. The company's activities focus on the design and construction of chemical and other industrial plants in the following fields: refining technologies, plants for fertilisers, organic intermediates and polymers, electrolysis plants, gas technologies, plants for oil, coal and residue gasification, coking technologies and pharmaceuticals.

2006/6/20 Tessenderlo

Tessenderlo Group presents recovery plan for the Chemicals Business Group
Possible loss of 240 jobs, including 197 in Belgium

In the framework of its recovery plan
Target 2007, the management of Tessenderlo Group today informed the works councils of the Chemicals sites involved of its intention to carry out a reorganisation. This reorganisation could affect the Limburg factories in Tessenderlo (TCT and LVM) and Ham (TCH), the Chemicals department in Brussels and the other European production sites and sales offices of the Chemicals business group.

In recent years, the results of the Chemicals Business Group have nose-dived at an alarming rate. The Chemical business units inorganics and PVC/chlor-alkali have been affected by a downward trend in productivity and profitability since 2000.

This can be attributed to swift changes in the market conditions, worldwide competition that has become cut-throat and high prices for raw materials. In Belgium, the Limburg sites have been loss-making even at structural level. Poor results of the Chemicals business group have had a negative impact on the group.

Recovery plan
Target 2007
Tessenderlo Group has launched a recovery plan in order to get business, productivity and profitability back on track. From 2007, Target 2007aims to improve the result by 30 million EUR a year, most of which will be set aside by the Chemicals business group which is bearing the brunt of the problems. Only in that way is there room for investments and can we provide for the future.

With regard to the Chemicals recovery plan, ten working groups carried out a detailed analysis of the situation for several months. They were made up of people from different sites, positions and countries, and produced a large number of proposals to improve profitability. Particularly, the setting-up of one single organisation for Europe and the merger of LVM, TC Tessenderlo and TC Ham could create important synergies.

Based on detailed analyses, proposals will be tabled for changes in the organisation, business processes and working methods, with significant investments in training being made.

Restructuring and redundancies
Unfortunately, in order to create financial breathing space, alongside reshuffles, redundancies may be a necessary evil. The recovery plan to be considered by all parties involved may be translated into a loss of 240 jobs in Europe. For Limburg, this may mean a loss of 197 jobs, including the potassium sulphate production unit in Tessenderlo that may face closure.

The Chemicals management intends to transfer its activities and 49 staff from its Brussels offices to Tessenderlo. Although the French PVC research activities at Verneuil would be moved to Belgium. The sales structure will also be restructured. To make it absolutely clear, Tessenderlo Group has no intention of transferring activities to low-wage countries. Quite the reverse, the group has only just invested heavily (to the tune of 150 million EUR in the new electrolysis unit in Tessenderlo (Belgium).

Today our first priority is the future of the employees who will be affected by these plans. The management would like to take all social circumstances into account as much as it can.

By means of open and constructive dialogue with staff representatives, Tessenderlo Chemicals wants to look for the best solutions in the interest of all staff. Everyone will need to make an effort. In that way, we can guarantee a new future for the Chemicals business group.

Background information:
The three West-Limburg plants employ 1419 people in the production divisions of mineral chemicals, fine chemicals, chlorine-alkali, MVC (raw material for PVC) and in various supporting capacities.

186 people are employed at the administrative seat in Brussels.

The Chemicals Business Group has branches in the Netherlands (1), Italy (1), France (3), and sales offices in Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Switzerland.

At group level, Tessenderlo Group employs 8123 people worldwide, 2150 of whom in Belgium. The consolidated turnover was EUR 2.1 billion in 2005 and was realised in three business groups (chemicals, specialties, plastics processing). The group is European market leader and world leader in most of its products. Tessenderlo Chemie NV is listed on Euronext Brussels and forms part of Next 150, BEL Mid and NextPrime.

Norsk Hydro

Norsk Hydro is an industrial company based on the use of natural resources, with the aim of meeting needs for food, energy and materials.

Hydro intends to create growth and development where the company can achieve good profitability through strong competitiveness.

Hydro will promote awareness of resources and the environment, and quality throughout its organization..

Hydro Polymers is a leading integrated PVC manufacturer, with its main operations in Europe. Through joint ventures, we are also well represented in Asia, namely China, India, and Qatar. We enjoy a unique cost position as our fellow Hydro group companies have access to gas and hydro-electric power, two important raw materials in the vinyl chain.

PVC is one of the most successful modern synthetic materials. It makes excellent use of scarce resources, is long-lasting and safe in production, use and disposal. PVC is converted into a wide and diverse range of applications such as pipes, window frames, wire and cable insulation, blood tubing and blood bags and domestic and business and equipment parts - products which surround us in everyday life.

Our product portfolio comprises suspension and emulsion PVC resins, PVC compounds, the intermediary product VCM (vinyl chloride monomer) and the by-product caustic soda. Ethylene and chlorine, which are reacted to form VCM, are produced at our Rafnes and Stenungsund plants.

Caustic soda, a by-product of the chlorine production process, is sold to many different companies. Its greatest area of application is in the production of paper.


VCM Suspension
Hydro Polymers AS Rafnes,NORWAY  140 kT  450 kT      
  Porsgrunn,NORWAY        95 kT   25 kT  
Hydro Polymers AB Stenungsund,SWEDEN  131 kT  140 kT    144 kT   58 kT  
Hydro Sydplast AB Helsingborg,SWEDEN            14 kT
Hydro Polymers Ltd. Durham UK        245 kT     125 kT


CIRES S.A. PORTUGAL             Resin & Compound

Qatar Vinyl Company Ltd, Q.S.C.        Soda & EDC/VCM

Suzhou Huasu Plastics/Chemicals Co. Ltd.   Resin & Foil

Singapore Polymers Corporation Ltd.      Compound

Hydro S & S Industries Ltd. INDIA       Compound


CertainTeed Corporation is a manufacturer of exterior building materials for new construction and home remodeling needs.  Products included; insulation, vinyl windows, vinyl siding, roofing, ceilings, PVC pipe, fencing, decking, railing, attic ventilation and foundation systems.

In 1988, CertainTeed became a wholly owned subsidiary of Saint-Gobain. Renowned for its expertise in glass technology, Saint-Gobain is the world's largest building materials company. Its annual sales in 1999 were approximately $24.5 billion. Today, with the full support of this industrial leader, CertainTeed's financial and technological resources are stronger than ever.


Fiber Cement Siding
Pipe & Foundations Systems
PVC Polymer:Lake Charles, Louisiana
Vinyl Siding
Windows: Profiles &
Specialty Shapes Company Profile

Borden Chemicals and Plastics Limited Partnership

Borden Chemicals and Plastics Limited Partnership produces polyvinyl chloride resins (PVC) products, which are used in manufacturing water distribution pipe, residential sliding, wallcoverings and vinyl flooring. The Company also manufactures vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), which is used as raw material for the Company's PVC operations. These products are manufactured at the Company's production complex at Geismar, Louisiana, its plant at Illiopolis, Illinois, and the Company's Addis Facility.

The Company is a limited partnership formed in 1987 to acquire, own and operate polyvinyl chloride resins, methanol and other chemical plants located in
Geismar, Louisiana, and Illiopolis, Illinois, that were previously owned and operated by Borden, Inc. (Borden). In 1995, the Company, through its subsidiary operating partnership Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Partnership (the Operating Partnership), purchased a PVC resin manufacturing facility from Occidental Chemical Corporation (OxyChem), located in Addis, Louisiana (Addis Facility). Historically, the Company's principal product groups were PVC Polymers Products, which consist of PVC resins and feedstocks (such as VCM and acetylene), Methanol and Derivatives, which consist of methanol and formaldehyde, and Nitrogen Products, which consist of ammonia and urea.

The Company made the decision in 2000 to exit the Methanol and Derivatives and Nitrogen Products businesses. On April 3, 2001, the Operating Partnership and its subsidiary, BCP Finance Corporation, (collectively, the Debtors) filed
voluntary petitions for protection under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware.

plant 売却
Addis, Louisiana Facility → Shintech
Illiopolis, Illinois Facility →  Formosa

Geismer  閉鎖  → Geismar Vinyls, an affiliate of The Westlake Group


PVC Resins

PVC is the second largest volume plastic material produced in the world. The Company produces general purpose and specialty purpose PVC resins at three plants, one located at the Geismar complex, one at Illiopolis and another at Addis, with stated annual capacities of 550 million, 400 million and 600 million pounds of PVC resins, respectively. Although there have been year-to-year fluctuations in product mix, the Company has, over time, concentrated on the higher margin grades of PVC resin and reduced its dependence on commodity pipe grade PVC resins, which have historically experienced lower margins.

The PVC industry in both the United States and Europe has entered a consolidation and rationalization phase, evidenced by the mergers of OxyChem and Geon, Georgia Gulf and Condea Vista, BASF and Solvay, EVA and BSU Schkopag and Shin-Etso, Shell and Rovin in recent years.

PVC resins are produced through the polymerization of VCM, an ethylene and chlorine intermediate material internally produced by the Company. The Company's production of certain specialty PVC resin grades also involves the consumption of purchased vinyl acetate monomer. The Company purchases vinyl acetate monomer from unrelated third parties.

All the VCM used by the Company's Geismar PVC resin plant and most of the VCM used by the Company's Illiopolis PVC resin plants is obtained from the Company's two Geismar VCM plants. Substantially all of the production of these VCM plants is consumed by the Company's PVC resins plants at Geismar and Illiopolis. The Geismar PVC resin plants obtain VCM from the Company's adjacent VCM plants in the Geismar complex and the Illiopolis PVC resin plant obtains VCM from the Company's Geismar plant via rail. The VCM requirement at the Addis Facility is currently supplied by OxyChem, which has arranged for physical delivery to the Addis Facility by pipeline via exchange, but which may also be supplied by rail car from OxyChem's plant in Deer Park, Texas, or from OxyChem's joint venture facility (OxyMar) in Corpus Christi, Texas.


VCM is principally used in the production of PVC resins. The Company has the capability of producing VCM by an ethylene process and an acetylene process. The finished product of both of these processes is essentially identical, but the production costs vary depending on the cost of raw materials and energy. The ability to produce VCM by either process allows the Company the flexibility of favoring the process that results in the lower cost at any particular time.

Ethylene-based VCM (VCM-E) is produced by the Company at a
650 million-pound stated annual capacity plant at the Geismar complex. All of the production of the VCM-E plant is consumed by the Company's PVC resin plants at the Geismar complex and Illiopolis.

Ethylene and chlorine constitute the principal feedstocks used in the production of VCM-E. Both feedstocks are purchased by the Geismar plant from outside sources.

Acetylene-based VCM (VCM-A) is produced at a 320 million-pound stated annual capacity plant at the Geismar complex. All of the VCM-A produced at the Geismar complex is consumed by the PVC resin plants at Geismar and Illiopolis.

Acetylene is primarily used as a feedstock for VCM-A and for other chemical intermediates. Until January 2000, the Company had a 50% interest in a 200 million-pound stated annual capacity acetylene plant at the Geismar complex, with the remaining 50% interest held by BASF Corporation (BASF). In January 2000, the Partnership purchased BASF's interest in the acetylene plant.

The Company's principal competitors in the sale of PVC include Shintech, Formosa Plastics, Oxyvinyl, L.P. and Georgia Gulf.

Chemical Week Apr 10, 2002

Borden May Close Geismar Complex

Borden Chemicals and Plastics (BCP) is expected to close its entire Geismar, LA vinyls complex, sources say. The move is being forced by a shortage of chlorine and a lack of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) demand as a result of the sale of two of Borden
s polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plants, sources add.

The Geismar complex has a 1.2-billion lbs/year ethylene dichloride (EDC) plant, a 1.2-billion lbs/year VCM unit, and a 600-million lbs/year PVC plant. BCP recently idled the PVC plant because of a chlorine shortage.

The company supplies VCM from Geismar to a 400-million lbs/year Illiopolis, IL PVC plant, which it recently sold to Formosa Plastics. BCP will likely shut the Geismar complex if Formosa Plastics supplies the plant with VCM from its own plants, sources say. BCP
s Geismar PVC plant is also up for sale. Only highly integrated producers can survive in the vinyls industry, says Mark Schneider, president and CEO of BCP Management (Geismar), which owns a 2% stake in BCP, the only major PVC producer in North America that is not integrated.

Pioneer, which supplies chlorine to BCP, has been unable to raise chlorine production because of excess caustic soda inventories, a Pioneer source says. Pioneer has put its customers on chlorine order control because of the supply crunch.

Chemical Week 2002/5/1

Borden Confirms that Geismar Site Will Close

Borden Chemicals and Plastics (BCP) has confirmed CW
s report that it will close its vinyls complex at Geismar, LA. The company says it has started to idle the sites 1.2-billion lbs/year ethylene dichloride (EDC) and 1.2-billion lbs/year vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plants, and expects to complete the shutdown in five to six weeks.

A 600-million lbs/year polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plant at the same site was idled last month as a result of a chlorine shortage that cut VCM production significantly.

BCP was supplying VCM from Geismar to a PVC plant at Illiopolis, IL. That unit was recently sold to Formosa Plastics, which has its own VCM production.

Formosa says it is
actively consideringthe restart of 200 million lbs/year of commodity grade PVC at Illiopolis, idled since early 2001. A 200-million lbs/ year specialty PVC unit at the same site has been operating normally.

Business Wire 2002/12/30

Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Limited Partnership Completes Sale of Geismar, La., PVC Facility to Geismar Vinyls Corporation

Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Limited Partnership (BCP) announced that it has completed the sale of the assets of its Geismar, La., polyvinyl chloride (PVC) facility to
Geismar Vinyls Corporation (GVC), an affiliate of The Westlake Group, for $5 million cash plus a promissory note for up to $4 million depending on the earnings performance of the assets. The sale agreement was previously approved by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware on August 20, 2002.

Geismar Vinyls acquired BCP's
575-million lb./year Geismar PVC resins plant, 650-million lb./year ethylene-based vinyl chloride monomer (VCM/E) feedstock plant, and certain related assets. BCP halted PVC production at Geismar in April 2002.

"We are pleased to have closed the sale of Geismar," said Mark J. Schneider, president and chief executive officer, BCP Management, Inc. (BCPM), the general partner of BCP. "We now look forward to the plan confirmation hearing on January 24 and a successful conclusion to all the matters pending in this case."

Separately, BCP said that on December 19, the court approved the extension of BCP's $7.5 million post-petition credit arrangement with BCPM to January 31, 2003.

BCP and its subsidiary, BCP Finance Corporation, filed voluntary petitions for protection under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware on April 3, 2001. BCPM, the general partner of BCP, filed for bankruptcy on March 22, 2002. Their joint plan of liquidation has been submitted to creditors for approval and is scheduled to be heard by the court on January 24, 2003. Borden Chemicals and Plastics Limited Partnership, the limited partner of BCP, was not included in the Chapter 11 filings. A separate and distinct entity, Borden Chemical, Inc., is not related to the filings.

Note to Editors: Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Limited Partnership (BCP) and Borden Chemicals and Plastics Limited Partnership (the Partnership) are separate and distinct entities from Borden Chemical, Inc. Please do not refer to either partnership as "Borden" or "Borden Chemicals."

Georgia Gulf

Georgia Gulf is a major manufacturer and marketer of two highly integrated product lines, which include chlorovinyl and aromatic products.

In our chlorovinyls business, we are:
the third largest North American producer of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM);
the fourth largest North American producer of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins;
the second largest North American producer of PVC compounds.

In our aromatics business, we are:
one of the two largest North American producers of cumene, and
a leading North American producer and marketer of phenol.

Our manufacturing processes also generate caustic soda and acetone. The primary products we sell externally include PVC resins, PVC compounds and caustic soda in our chlorovinyls business, and phenol and acetone in our aromatics business. These products are used globally in a wide variety of end-use applications, including construction and renovation, engineered plastics, pulp and paper production, chemical intermediates, pharmaceuticals and consumer products. Our integration provides us with the flexibility to shift our product sales mix towards those products that are experiencing relatively more favorable market conditions. Our vertical integration, world scale facilities, operating efficiencies, facility locations and the productivity of our employees provide us with a competitive cost position in our primary markets.

PVC Compounds
These formulations provide specific end-use properties that allow PVC compounds to be processed directly into our customers' finished products. All of our production is sold to third parties. We produce flexible and rigid compounds used in the following products and process applications.

Flexible PVC Compounds
Our flexible PVC compounds are used in wire and cable insulation and jacketing, automotive window encapsulation, custom profiles, automotive trim and body side molding, and flexible tubing.

Rigid PVC Compounds
Our rigid PVC compounds are used in a wide range of applications and production processes. Our injection molding compounds are used in the production of computer housings and keyboards, electrical outlet boxes and pipe fittings. Our extrusion compounds are used in window and furniture profiles and sheets for household fixtures and decorative overlays. Our blow molding compounds are primarily used for both food-grade and general purpose bottles used to package cosmetics, shampoos, charcoal lighter fluid, water and edible oils.

PVC Resins
PVC is among the most widely used plastics in the world today, and we supply numerous grades of PVC resins to a broad number of end-use markets. About 77% of our PVC resins are sold to customers who use our resins to formulate PVC compounds which are then heated and shaped utilizing various extrusion and molding processes to create finished products. These products include pipe and pipe fittings, wire and cable coatings, home siding and windows, electrical wall boxes and apparatus, fencing, home and office furnishings, consumer products, packaging and containers. We use about 23% of our PVC resin internally for the production of our PVC compounds.

We use about 89% of our VCM production in the manufacture of our PVC resins. VCM production not used internally is sold to other PVC resin producers in domestic and international markets.

Chlor-alkali Products
Substantially all of the chlorine we produce is used internally in the production of VCM. As a co-product, caustic soda further diversifies our revenue base. We sell all of our caustic soda domestically and overseas to customers in numerous industries, with the pulp and paper and chemical industries constituting our largest markets. Our other markets for caustic soda include the alumina, soap and detergent, textile and water treatment industries. We also manufacture and sell sodium chlorate, which is an environmentally preferred bleaching agent for the production of pulp and paper.

Plant Products and Capacities

The following table sets forth the location of each chemical manufacturing facility we own, the products manufactured at each facility and the approximate processing capability of each, assuming normal plant operations, as of December 31, 1999:

Plant Location


Annual Capacity


Aberdeen, MS (2) PVC Resins 1.0 billion pounds Chlorovinyls
  Vinyl Compounds 185 million pounds Chlorovinyls
  Plasticizers 20 million pounds Chlorovinyls
Gallman, MS (3) PVC Compounds 310 million pounds Chlorovinyls
Jeffersontown, KY (3) PVC Compounds 40 million pounds Chlorovinyls
Lake Charles, LA
(two locations)
VCM 1.5 billion pounds (1) Chlorovinyls
Madison, MS (2) PVC Compounds
(two plants)
140 million pounds Chlorovinyls
Mansfield, MA (3,4) PVC Compounds 100 million pounds Chlorovinyls
Oklahoma City, OK (3) PVC Resins 450 million pounds Chlorovinyls
Pasadena, TX Cumene 1.5 billion pounds Aromatics
  Phenol 160 million pounds Aromatics
  Acetone 100 million pounds Aromatics
Plaquemine, LA (3) Chlorine 450 thousand tons Chlorovinyls
  Caustic Soda 500 thousand tons Chlorovinyls
   Sodium Chlorate 27 thousand tons Chlorovinyls
  VCM 1.6 billion pounds Chlorovinyls
  PVC Resins 1.2 billion pounds Chlorovinyls
  Phenol 500 million pounds Aromatics
  Acetone 308 million pounds Aromatics
Tiptonville, TN (3) PVC Compounds 100 million pounds Chlorovinyls
(1) Reflects 100 percent of the production at our owned facility in Lake Charles and our 50 percent share of PHH Monomers' 1,150 million pounds of total VCM capacity.
(2) QS 9000 certified.
(3) These plants are ISO 9000 certified except the VCM plant in Plaquemine.
The property on which the Mansfield facility is located is leased under a five-year lease from CONDEA Vista Company, which is renewable at our option. Operations ceased in the third quarter of 2000.

Lake Charles, Louisiana Facilities
We produce VCM at our Lake Charles, Louisiana facility. Also, through our
joint venture with PPG Industries, we have the right to 50% of the VCM production of PHH Monomers, which is located in close proximity to our Lake Charles VCM facility. The chlorine needs of our Lake Charles VCM facility and the PHH Monomers' facility are supplied by pipeline, under a long-term contract with PPG Industries, who is also our partner in PHH Monomers. Ethylene is supplied to both facilities by pipeline from the adjacent CONDEA Vista ethylene facility and by pipeline from other third parties. The majority of our ethylene requirements for our Lake Charles VCM facility are supplied under a seven-year, take-or-pay contract, and PHH Monomers is supplied under a requirements-based contract. All chlorine and ethylene contracts are primarily market price-based. VCM from these facilities supplies our Aberdeen, Mississippi and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma PVC facilities. A portion of VCM products at the Lake Charles facilities is sold in domestic and exports markets.

Plaquemine, Louisiana Facility 
Our operations at this facility include the production of chlorine, caustic soda, sodium chlorate, VCM, PVC resins, phenol and acetone. We produce chlorine and its co-product caustic soda at our chlor-alkali facility by electrolysis of salt brine. We have a long-term lease on a nearby salt dome with reserves in excess of twenty years, from which we supply our salt brine requirements. We use substantially all of our chlorine production in the manufacture of VCM at this facility and we sell substantially all of our caustic soda production externally. We also use sodium hypochlorite, a by-product from our chlor-alkali production process, to produce sodium chlorate for sale to third parties. All of the ethylene requirements for our VCM production are supplied by pipeline. About 80% of our Plaquemine VCM production is consumed on-site in our PVC resin production, and the remainder is shipped to our other PVC resin facilities and sold to third parties.

Aberdeen, Mississippi and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Facilities
We produce PVC resins at both our Aberdeen, Mississippi and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma facilities from VCM supplied by railcar from our VCM facilities and PHH Monomers. In addition, the Aberdeen facility produces plasticizers, some of which are consumed in internal PVC compound production and the remainder sold to third parties.

Condea Vista Sells PVC Business To Georgia Gulf
Georgia Gulf Corp. in Atlanta has signed a definitive agreement to purchase the vinyls business of Condea Vista Co., Houston. Condea Vista is a wholly owned subsidiary of RWE-DEA of Germany, whose Condea chemical division is based in Hamburg. After this acquisition, Georgia Gulf will have capacity of about 2.6 billion lb/yr of PVC resin, 3.1 billion lb/yr of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), and 850 million lb/yr of flexible and rigid vinyl compounds.

Georgia Gulf will acquire a VCM plant in Lake Charles, La.; a 50% share of a joint-venture VCM plant also in Lake Charles; two PVC resin plants in Aberdeen, Miss., and Oklahoma City, Okla.; and three vinyl compound plants in Aberdeen, Jeffersontown, Ky., and Mansfield, Mass.

(Georgia Gulf 2000/3/23)

Georgia Gulf Corporation today announced the completion of the initial phase of the transition and integration of the CONDEA Vista vinyls business it acquired in November 1999.

(VCM) Lake Charles (100 percent of the production at our owned facility in Lake Charles and our 50 percent share of PHH Monomers' 1,150 million pounds of total VCM capacity.
(PVC) Aberdeen, Mississippi and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
   originally Conoco → DuPont Vista CONDEA Vista Georgia Gulf

VCM,PVC) Plaquemine, LA
   originally Georgia Pacific Georgia Gulf (1985)

PVC) Delaware City, DE
   originally Georgia Pacific Georgia Gulf (1985) → Kaneka

Platts 2004/11/29

Georgia Gulf permanently shuts Tennesse, US compound facility

US' Georgia Gulf Corp announced Monday that it will shutdown its compound plant at
Tiptonville, Tennessee, effective immediately as part of its "ongoing commitment to operational efficiency." "We considered many factors, including the capital investment required to ensure our competitiveness, in making this difficult decision. Our desire now is to help our Tiptonville employees and their families through this transition," said Bill Doherty, vice president, vinyl compounds. "Customers will see no change as a result of this plant closure due to increased efficiencies from the other Georgia Gulf compound manufacturing locations," GCC said in a statement.

GGC, headquartered in Atlanta, produces chlorine, caustic soda, vinyl chloride monomer and vinyl resins and compounds, and aromatics, including cumene, phenol and acetone.

2006/6/9 Georgia Gulf

Georgia Gulf Announces Agreement to Acquire Royal Group Technologies

Georgia Gulf Corporation announced today a definitive agreement to acquire all of the outstanding common stock of
Royal Group Technologies Limited for CAD$ 13.00 per share in cash.
The total transaction is valued at approximately CAD$ 1.7 billion, which includes payments for Royal Group
s equity of CAD$ 1.2 billion and assumed net debt of CAD$ 491 million as of March 31, 2006. Based on an exchange rate of CAD$ 1.10 to USD$ 1.00, this translates to an offer of USD$ 11.82 per share and a total transaction value of USD$ 1.6 billion.
Royal Group is a leading producer of
vinyl building and construction products, which include custom window profiles, decorative moldings, siding, pipe and fittings and other home improvement products. Royal Group is headquartered in Toronto, Canada with sales primarily in North America. Georgia Gulf manufactures commodity chemicals, vinyl resins and vinyl compounds, which are the basic materials used to manufacture vinyl building and construction products such as pipe, siding and windows. The combination of Royal Groups diversified and innovative product portfolio with Georgia Gulfs vinyl resins and compounding technology as well as operational efficiencies should result in a stronger, more competitive combined company in the vinyl building and construction products industry.
We are very excited about the potential value of this combination for our shareholders, customers and employees,said Ed Schmitt, Chairman, President and CEO, Georgia Gulf. The integration of the two companies provides an opportunity for improved earnings by leveraging the competitive advantages of each company while creating a foundation for future growth opportunities.
Commenting on the acquisition, Lawrence J. Blanford, President and CEO, Royal Group Technologies, said, Georgia Gulf is a recognized leader in the area of vinyl resins and compounding technology, known for the high quality of its products. We believe that the combination of Georgia Gulf and Royal Group will result in a formidable force in the vinyl building products industry.
We look forward to the completion of this transaction,said Schmitt. Our current management team has a proven track record of successfully integrating businesses and producing strong financial results, as evidenced by our 1998 acquisition of North American Plastics and our 1999 acquisition of Condea Vista.
The transaction will be financed with additional debt. Georgia Gulf has commitments in place for permanent financing comprised of senior secured debt and unsecured senior and senior subordinated debt. The Company expects to close the transaction following approval by Royal Groups shareholders as well as regulatory approvals. Merrill Lynch & Co., Lehman
Brothers Inc. and Banc of America Securities LLC acted as advisors to Georgia Gulf in connection with its acquisition of Royal Group Technologies. Chemical Advisory Partners provided consulting services to the Company and Jones Day, and Osler, Hoskin & Horcourt LLP, acted as legal advisors.

About Georgia Gulf
Georgia Gulf, headquartered in Atlanta, is a major manufacturer and marketer of two integrated product lines, chlorovinyls and aromatics. Georgia Gulf
s chlorovinyls products include chlorine, caustic soda, vinyl chloride monomer and vinyl resins and compounds.
Georgia Gulf
s primary aromatic products include cumene, phenol and acetone.

VCM 1,570 + Vista 1,530
    PVC  1,170 + Vista 1,530
    Cpd   470 + NAP 190 + Vista 300

About Royal Group
Royal Group Technologies is a leading producer of innovative, attractive, durable, and low-maintenance home improvement and building products, which are primarily used in both the renovation and construction sectors of the North American construction industry. The Company has manufacturing operations located throughout North America in order to provide
industry-leading service to its extensive customer network.

Chemical Week 1998/5/20

Georgia Gulf Goes Downstream with Compounder Purchase.(North American Plastics)

Polyvinyl chloride (pvc) producer Georgia Gulf has acquired North American Plastics (Aberdeen, MS), a privately held, $90-million/year manufacturer of flexible PVC compounds. According to Georgia Gulf, the acquisition will significantly increase its position in the market for flexible, high-value vinyl resins.

The deal will include North American Plastics' compounding facilities at Aberdeen and Madison, MS, which have capacity for 190 million lbs/year of plasticized PVC.

Feb 05, 2007

Georgia Gulf Announces Royal Group Technologies Limited Name Change to Royal Group, Inc.

Georgia Gulf Corporation today announced that recently acquired Royal Group Technologies Limited will change its name to Royal Group, Inc. The name change will occur on February 5, 2007.

"We have simplified the name to make it more readily recognizable, as we continue a program aimed at building brand identity. The simplified name adds more emphasis to the fact that Royal is a Group, which we are increasingly bringing together to harness the strength of the entire organization, including its extensive product distribution network," commented Ed Schmitt, Chairman, President and CEO, Georgia Gulf.

Simultaneous with adoption of the new name, Royal Group has adopted five divisional brand symbols to accompany its numerous product brands in marketing communication materials. These divisional brand symbols embody the trademarked Royal crown symbol as well as the name Royal so all products are readily recognizable as Royal Group's.

"This new brand architecture will be consistently used in marketing materials to help those who have had a positive experience with one of our products readily identify others that they can utilize. It will help us to build brand identity for our broad line of PVC building and home improvement products, and in turn help us to develop sales for Royal Group and its distributors," said Mr. Schmitt.

"Great Ideas Taking Shape" will be the tag line accompanying the divisional brand symbols, highlighting that Royal Group strives to develop products that are innovative. "We want the industry to know that our strategic focus encompasses development of innovative, durable, low-maintenance, building, construction and home improvement products," noted Mr. Schmitt.

Georgia Gulf announced its intention to acquire Royal Group on June 9, 2006, stating that the acquisition provides a growth platform, which leverages Georgia Gulf's chlorovinyls forward integration strategy. Through the acquisition, Georgia Gulf has become well positioned in the PVC building materials industry, with its advanced raw materials technologies available to assist Royal Group with new product development initiatives. Royal Group's transition to its new brand architecture will occur during 2007.

Royal Group

Royal Group is a Georgia Gulf company. Georgia Gulf Corporation is a leading, integrated North American manufacturer of commodity chemicals, polymers and vinyl-based building and home improvement products. The Company's chemical and polymer product lines include chlorovinyls and aromatics. Georgia Gulf's vinyl-based building and home improvement products, marketed under Royal Group's brands, include window profiles, siding, pipe and fittings, mouldings, decking, fencing, railing, and window coverings. Georgia Gulf, headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, has nearly 50 manufacturing facilities in North America to provide industry-leading service to customers.


Sasol North America, formerly CONDEA Vista Company, headquartered in Houston, Texas, is an integrated producer of commodity and specialty chemicals employing approximately 800 people.  Manufacturing locations are in Baltimore, Maryland, Lake Charles, Louisiana and Tucson, Arizona.   The Company's Research & Development facility is in Austin, Texas.

Formed from the chemical division of CONOCO, Inc., Vista Chemical became a private company in 1984.   In 1986, it became a publicly traded company, and in 1991, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the German oil and gas producer, RWE-DEA, as part of the CONDEA Group.   On March 1, 2001, RWE-DEA concluded an agreement with Sasol Limited (Johannesburg, South Africa) for the purchase of the CONDEA Group.

Sasol North America will operate as part of Sasol Chemie, headquarted in Frankfort, Germany.   Sasol Chemie is part of Sasol Chemical Industries Ltd. headquartered in Johannesburg, South Africa.   Sasol North America strives to deliver consistently high quality products to all our customers around the world.

April 18, 2003 Financial Times

Borden Chemicals and Plastics in liquidation.

Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Ltd Partnership (BCP) of the USA has reported that the US Bankruptcy Court has approved the plan to liquidate the company and its general partner BCP Management Inc (BCPM). The plan will convert assets of BCP and BCPM into cash and will be given to respective claimants through several liquidating parties. The company anticipates the completion of the move by 1Q 2003. Its PVC production units in Addis, LA; Illiopolis, IL and Geismar, LA, have already been acquired by Shintech Louisiana, Formosa Plastics Corp and Geismar Vinyls Corp, respectively. The company and its subsidiary, BCP Finance Corp, has applied for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 in Apr 2001 while its general partner, BCPM, applied for bankruptcy in Mar 2002. The bankruptcy action does not include the independent entity, Borden Chemical Inc.

2004/7/6 Platts

US' Apollo Management buying Borden Chemicals for $1.2-bil

Apollo Management LP, a US-based private investment firm announced Tuesday that it has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Borden Chemical Inc for $1.2-bil. The purchase, which includes assumption of outstanding debt, is subject to regulatory approval and other customary closing conditions. The transaction is targeted to be completed in the third quarter of this year.
Included in the acquisition group are certain members of Borden Chemical management. Borden Chemical in May, filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission announcing its intent to conduct an initial public offering of common stock in Q3 2004. With the agreement for sale of the company, that activity has been suspended. Apollo Management is acquiring Borden Holdings, the parent of Borden Chemical Inc, from BW Holdings LLC, an affiliate of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. Borden is the world's largest producer of formaldehyde, and also produces resins, coatings and adhesives.

2009/3/23 GE Capital

GE Capital Provides $175 Million to Georgia Gulf Corporation

GE Capital
s corporate lending business today announced it provided a $175 million accounts receivable securitization facility to Georgia Gulf Corporation, a leading chemicals company. The proceeds will be used for working capital needs.

In this type of structure, GE provides an asset-based loan secured by the company
s accounts receivables.

Georgia Gulf Corporation is a leading, integrated North American manufacturer of two chemical lines, chlorovinyls and aromatics, and manufactures vinyl-based building and home improvement products. These products, marketed under Royal Group brands, include window and door profiles, mouldings, siding, pipe and pipe fittings, and deck, fence and rail products. Georgia Gulf, headquartered in Atlanta, GA, has manufacturing facilities located throughout North America.

GE worked closely with us to quickly understand our business objectives and structured a facility to meet our needs,said Greg Thompson, CFO of Georgia Gulf Corporation. We appreciated their ability to commit to the entire facility amount and close quickly.

In this environment, timely access to capital is a critical factor for many of our customers,said Tom Quindlen, president and CEO of GE Capitals corporate lending business. Using a securitization facility in many cases can provide borrowers with a cost-effective approach and structuring flexibility to help them meet their financing objectives.

2009/3/17 Georgia Gulf

Georgia Gulf Amends Credit Agreement and Enters Into New Accounts Receivable Securitization Agreement
  Senior secured credit agreement covenants reset until March 31, 2010
  Accounts receivable securitization increased to $175 million and extended to March 2011

Georgia Gulf Corporation today announced that it has entered into an amendment to its senior secured credit facility to reset covenants until March 2010 with its lenders and that it has increased and extended its accounts receivable securitization until March 2011. The amendment also permits the Company to exchange existing debt securities for new 2nd lien notes or loans.

We are pleased to have the support of our lenders to amend the credit agreement and replace and enlarge the accounts receivable securitization program,said Paul Carrico, President and CEO of Georgia Gulf.

This amendment provides additional flexibility to improve our capital structure and strengthens Georgia Gulfs position in these challenging economic conditions,he added.

Due to the impact of continued weakness in the North American housing market, the Company obtained adjustments to its leverage and interest coverage ratios as part of the amendment. The maximum leverage ratio was set at 8.25 for the quarter ended March 31, 2009, 10.30 for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, 9.25 for the quarter ended September 30, 2009, and 8.75 for the quarter ended December 31, 2009. The minimum interest coverage ratio was set at 1.30 for the quarter ended March 31, 2009, 1.00 for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, 1.10 for the quarter ended September 30, 2009, and 1.15 for the quarter ended December 31, 2009.

The amendment also established a trailing twelve-month minimum consolidated EBITDA threshold covenant. The minimum compliance EBITDA was set at $179.0 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2009, $140.0 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, $161.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2009, and $167.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2009.

Under the agreement, certain fees and interest rates payable to lenders increased by 1.0 percent. Each lender that is a party to the amendment and all lenders on the amendment
s effective date that were not given the opportunity to consent to the amendment will receive a 1.0 percent consent fee.

In addition, the amendment includes an annual capital expenditures limitation of $35.0 million in 2009 and $55.0 million in 2010.

The Company also entered into a new asset securitization agreement that allows for the inclusion of Canadian receivables and was increased to $175.0 million and may be expanded to $200 million under certain conditions. The new agreement expires on March 17, 2011.

Further details of the senior credit agreement amendment and new accounts receivable securitization program are available in an 8-K filed with the SEC, which will be available at under the Investor Relations section.

2009/6/11 Platts

Georgia Gulf confirms cutting contract jobs in Louisiana

PVC manufacturer Georgia Gulf Corporation Thursday morning confirmed it has reduced the contract maintenance force at its Plaquemine, Louisiana, facility.

The company did not specify the amount of affected positions, but Platts on Wednesday reported that local newspaper the Baton Rouge Advocate indicated a reduction of 100 positions.

"Georgia Gulf Corporation has taken several actions to adjust our cost structure to market conditions," GGC spokeswoman Ashley Mendoza told Platts Thursday. "The one step we have taken to match our costs to the market."

"Other examples from across the company include reducing our annual PVC (vinyl resin) capacity by more than 25% by
closing our Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Sarnia, Ontario plants; selling our outdoor storage unit business; and consolidating four plants into other facilities. We reduced our SG&A expenses by $57 million and reduced total headcount by 15% corporate-wide," Mendoza said.

She added, "With the downturn in the housing and construction markets in the US and Canada, we have seen a decrease in demand for our products, and have taken the necessary steps to match our cost structure to current market conditions. We intend to continue to operate our facilities with the highest regard for environmental stewardship and safety, and we intend to position Georgia Gulf to compete now and when the markets recover."

In Plaquemine, the company has a nameplate capacity to produce 1.2 billion lbs/year of PVC, 2.1 billion lbs/year of EDC and 1.6 billion lbs/year of VCM.

The vinyls chain manufacturer also has operations in Lake Charles, Louisiana, and Aberdeen, Mississippi.

In pricing, PVC was pegged Wednesday at $675-685/mt FAS Houston, $25/mt higher from the previous week. The jump was attributed to constrained supply of feedstock chlorine and improving global demand, sources said.