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日本経済新聞 2005/10/23

原油生産復旧 来年にずれ込み
 米石油精製団体代表に聞く 製油所新設 巨額投資が壁

ー 製油所や原油生産の全面復旧のメドは。
 「カトリーナで4カ所、リタでは8カ所の製油所が深刻な打撃を受けた。一時は全米の精製量の2割近い日量300万バレルの供給が停止したが、年内にすべての製油所の再開が可能だろう。深刻なのはメキシコ湾岸での原油生産。全面復旧は来年になる可能性がある」

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Rita


Hurricane Katrina   2005/8


 新日本石油はメキシコ湾南岸にある28ヶ所のガス・油田のうち9月7日時点でも19ヶ所が生産を停止したまま。うち9ヶ所は1、2週間で再開する見通しだが、10ヶ所は「状況が分からない油田もあり復旧見通しはたたない」(広報部)

 ルイジアナ州沖に原油・ガス田を持つ住友商事では引き続き現場の被害状況を確認できないまま。(日本経済新聞 2005/9/8) 

 

 cf 三菱商事:テキサス州沖の「マスタング・アイランド726」


 中国塗料は、塗料生産のニューオーリーンズ工場(CMP COATINGS, INC. 立地:Belle Chasse)の操業を828日から停止している。「周辺の交通網が寸断され、正確な様子を把握できない」という。(毎日新聞 2005/9/3
 工場周辺への立ち入りを当局が禁止しており、被害を詳しく把握できない状況だ。(日本経済新聞2005/9/8)

 工場内生産棟の被害は一部上屋ならびに防火設備が損傷したものの、屋内生産設備への被害は皆無でした。現在慣らし運転を実施中で、被災前比約50%の生産に回復しています。なお、全面再開は11 月中旬の見込みです。
(中国塗料 2005/10/12)

 ルイジアナ州 Addisで塩化ビニール樹脂工場を運営する信越化学工業(Shintech)は同州の災害復興基金に200万ドルを寄付した。工場はハリケーン上陸直後に一時操業を停止したが8月末に復旧している。(日本経済新聞2005/9/8)


Much of Gulf of Mexico Oil Still Blocked    (New York Times  2005/8/10)

Over 120 Gulf of Mexico oil and gas platforms were still shut down Saturday and nearly 60 percent of the gulf's normal daily oil production remained blocked from the market because of evacuations due to Hurricane Katrina, a federal agency said.
Following a survey of 56 energy companies, the Minerals Management Service reported that 122 of the 819 staffed platforms in the gulf were shut down, blocking 897,605 barrels -- or 59.8 percent of the Gulf's normal daily production of 1.5 million barrels.
The shutdowns also blocked 3.8 billion barrels of natural gas from market, or 38.2 percent of the gulf's normal daily gas production of 10 billion cubic feet, the agency said.


US aromatics markets facing uncertain days due to Katrina impact

The major facilities still down as of Friday(9/2) were:
-- ChevronPhillips, Pascagoula, Mississippi, 11,700 b/d benzene, 1,000 b/d toluene, 10,300 b/d xylenes, 1-bil lbs/yr paraxylene.
-- ConocoPhillips, Belle Chase, Louisiana (Alliance), 4,000 b/d benzene, 3,800 b/d xylene.
-- ExxonMobil, Chalmette, Louisiana (Chalmette Refining), 3,400 b/d benzene, 5,200 b/d xylene, 600-mil lb/yr PX, 155-mil lb/yr OX.

Other aromatics production facilities reportedly running at reduced rates Friday were:

-- ExxonMobil, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 7,800 b/d benzene, 8,800 b/d xylene.
-- Dow, Plaquemine, Louisiana, 14,600 b/d benzene (py gas extraction).   (Platts 2005/9/2


Marathon Oil now expects to restart this weekend its 245,000 bpd oil refinery in Garyville, Louisiana.

Another plant,
Motiva Enterprises LLC's 230,000 bpd refinery in Convent, Louisiana, could restart within a week.
But Motiva is still assessing damage at its 240,000 bpd refinery in Norco, Louisiana, and little is known about damage at some of the Gulf Coast's other big facilities.
      
*Motiva Enterprises LLC =Shell Oil and Saudi Aramco

At least two --
Chevron Corp's plant in Pascagoula, Mississippi, and ConocoPhillips' plant in Belle Chase, Louisiana -- are believed to have suffered flood damage.  (September 2, 2005 New York Times


 メキシコ湾岸と北東部を結ぶ米最大のコロニアル・パイプライン6日完全復旧した。
 ロイヤル・ダッチ・シェル系のカプライン・パイプライン
(Capline Oil Pipeline:ルイジアナ州のセントジェームズからイリノイ州のパトカまで日量最大120万バレルの原油を輸送) もほぼ回復、同湾岸の原油生産は元の水準の4割、天然ガス生産は6割まで戻った。
  
 操業停止した8つの製油所も一部で操業を再開。石油関連施設が全面復旧するのは11月以降になりそうだ。
  
(2005/9/9 日本経済新聞)


Louisiana Ethylene Plants  
                 百万
lbs/y  

Dow

Plaquemine (LHC No 2), Louisiana

1,100

Plaquemine (LHC No 3), Louisiana      :           

1,500

St Charles (aka Taft), Louisiana

Hahnville + Norco

1,300

St Charles (aka Taft), Louisiana

900

Equistar

Lake Charles, Louisiana

850

ExxonMobil

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

1,900

Sasol

Lake Charles, Louisiana

920

Shell

Norco, Louisiana

2,980

Westlake

Lake Charles, Louisiana

1,000

Lake Charles, Louisiana

1,300

  Dow says operations at its St. Charles site remain shut and that it continues to assess potential damage at the site. Many facilities are still without power [at St. Charles] and the basic facilities are not up and running at the site,Dow says. A majority of its St. Charles employees remain under mandatory hurricane evacuation and have been unable to return to their homes in the area. Non-essential personnel do not need to report to work at St. Charles Operations until further notice,Dow says. The site is stable at this time and, given availability of power and utilities will be coming back on line safely as soon as practical.Dow has previously said that it will likely be a matter of weeks before normal operations at St. Charles can resume.
 * St. Charles2,000-acre site just upriver from Hahnville and 40-acre site in Norco
Dow Chemical says that its
Plaquemine operations were less severely impacted and that most plants are operational or are in the process of being brought back online. Most employees at Plaquemine were able to report to work yesterday. However, Dow says all marine and rail transportation to the site has been shutdown due to the effects of Hurricane Katrina.
September 1, 2005 Chemical Week

ExxonMobil says that operations at Chalmette Refining, a joint venture between ExxonMobil and PDVSA, remain shut, after being safely shut down prior to the hurricane on August 28. ExxonMobil Chemical has production for benzene, para-xylene, ortho-xylene, and toluene production at the Chalmette site. ExxonMobil says that it cannot yet provide an assessment of any potential damage caused by the hurricane at Chalmette.
ExxonMobil says that its refining and chemical operations in
Baton Rouge continue to run at reduced rates until normal feedstock supply and product movement is restored.”    
 (
September 1, 2005 Chemical Week

Shell says access to the Norco chemical operations was still limited as of September 2, and damage is still being assessed.

Chevron Phillips Chemical (CP Chem) says that it is the process of restarting operations at its St. James, LA plant, a major production site for styrene monomer, after shutting the site down in anticipation of Hurricane Katrina.
CP Chem's
Pascagoula, MS chemical operations were shut safely before the hurricane hit, and it says "circumstances at the Pascagoula facility are still being evaluated." CP Chem makes benzene and paraxylene at Pascagoula. CP Chems Pascagoula operations are located within Chevrons massive refinery complex at Pascagoula.
(August 31, 2005 Chemical Week)

 


新日本石油開発  http://www.noex.co.jp/j/activity/us.html 

 
 
新日本石油開発が100%出資するNippon Oil Exploration U.S.A. Ltd.は、1990年にテキサス州ヒューストン郊外の
オーチャードノース・ガス田の権益を50%取得し、米国での事業を開始しました。その後、メキシコ湾における探鉱事業や資産買収によって事業規模を拡大してきました。
 2001年には、
アコンカグア・ガス田(MC305鉱区)の権益を12.5%取得しました。同ガス田では、世界最深の深海パイプラインであるキャニオン・エクスプレス・パイプラインを通じて、2002年9月から生産を開始しています。
 上記のガス田以外に、当社が権益を保有する生産資産としては、
ヴァーゴ・ガス田(Viosca Knoll 779/822/823鉱区)や、当社がオペレーター(操業管理会社)として天然ガスを生産しているフォーダム・ガス田(Main Pass 226/227鉱区)があります。
 また、2004年、メキシコ湾深海部では、シェブロンテキサコ社より一部取得した鉱区の探鉱活動を実施しています。

 さらにメキシコ湾では、ポゴ社(Pogo Producing Company) がオペレーターとして天然ガスを生産している
EI(Eugene Island Area)256鉱区(上右図)において、生産中の天然ガス層を除く同鉱区権益を25%取得し、試掘を実施しました。
 2005年4月には米国の
デボン社が保有するメキシコ湾大陸棚域油・ガス田群の権益を買収しました。買収したのは64鉱区における28の油・ガス田(うち19の油・ガス田でNOEX USAがオペレーターとなります)で、これらの油・ガス田の生産量は当社権益分の合計で、現在、日量約1万3千バレルとなっています(天然ガスについては原油換算)。

2005年2月23日 住友商事

米国メキシコ湾ガス田権益取得
http://www.sumitomocorp.co.jp/news/20050223_141028_shigen.shtml

 住友商事株式会社(社長:岡 素之)は、100%子会社のSummit Gulf Venture LLCを通じ、在米探鉱開発会社NCX Companyより米国メキシコ湾における生産中及び既発見未開発のガス田権益を取得しました。

 今回、取得した権益は、ルイジアナ沖浅海域のブレトンサウンズ41鉱区(深層)の35.0%、同39鉱区の26.5%他の鉱区で、持分合計の確認埋蔵量はガス換算約700億立方フィート(原油換算約1200万バーレル)となります。

 現行中期経営計画AA Planにおいて、英国領北海等において積極的に事業展開を図ってきましたが、今般米国メキシコ湾でのガス田権益資産を加えることにより、石油・ガス上流事業ポートフォリオの一層の拡充を図るものです。

 また、今回のガス田権益取得を機に、米国天然ガス市場においては、将来のLNG導入も念頭におき、天然ガス販売事業への本格進出も図ってまいります。

 

 

 


Colonial Pipeline

  Colonial Pipeline, headquartered in Alpharetta, GA., delivers a daily average of 100 million gallons of gasoline, home heating oil, aviation fuel and other refined petroleum products to communities and businesses throughout South and the Eastern United States. Colonial consists of more than 5,500 miles of pipeline, originating at Houston, Texas, and terminating at the New York harbor.

 



 

 

Chalmette

 

St. Charles (2,000-acre site just upriver from Hahnville and 40-acre site in Norco)   Shell Norco
 
     
Plaquemire    (AddisShintechプラント)    
   
St. James, LA

Pascagoula, MS


Hurricane Rita 

「リタ」上陸 米石油産業の心臓部直撃

 米東部時間24日未明にテキサス、ルイジアナ州境付近に上陸したハリケーン「リタ」は、メキシコ湾岸にある石油精製施設など米石油産業の心臓部を襲った。周辺主要施設の停止で全米の石油精製量は平時に比べ約3割低下した。

 テキサス州ポートアーサーでは、独立系石油精製大手バレロ・エナジーの大型製油所で建物の一部が破壊され、同社は「操業再開に最大で1カ月かかる」と発表。一方、AP通信によると、操業を停止した全米最大のエクソンモービル・ベイタウン製油所は26日にも操業を再開する予定で、石油アナリストも「ほとんどの製油所に大きな被害はなかった」とみている。

 しかし、リタの勢力が最も強かったメキシコ湾に集中する海上油田の状態は不明のまま。また、被害がなかった製油所でも、通常の精製量を回復し、米東部などの一大消費地に搬出を始めるまで数日はかかるとみられ、ガソリン価格が再び上昇する懸念がある。
(日本経済新聞 2005/9/25)

日本企業にも影響 信越化学など工場操業停止
 ハリケーン「リタ」の影響は日本企業にも及んでいる。
 信越化学工業はテキサス州にある全額出資の米生産子会社
、シンテック(Freeport) を22日に操業停止し、従業員約200人を全員避難させた。同社は世界最大の塩化ビニール樹脂工場で、米塩ビ樹脂市場でおよそ3割のトップシェアを握る。信越化学は「カトリーナ」がルイジアナ州にある同社工場を襲い、上陸直後に一時操業を停止した。今回はその教訓を踏まえ、ハリケーンの上陸前に前倒しで操業を停止した。24日時点で工場に被害はないもようだ。
 大手商社では、
三菱商事がテキサス州沖などで操業中のガス田5鉱区について21日早朝までに生産を停止、人員を避難させている。双日もリタの進路に当たる5鉱区で権益を保有しているが、沖合の生産設備は無人で波や風が強くなると自動的に操業を停止する仕組みになっているという。(日本経済新聞 2005/9/25)

Refinery
 Port ArthurValeroMotiva Enterprises LLCTotal SA
 BeaumontExxonMobil
 BaytownExxonMobil
 Houston ValeroLYONDELL-CITGO Refining LP (JV of Lyondell Chemical and CITGO Petroleum*)
 DeerParkShell
 Texas CityValeroBPMarathon Petroleum Company LLC(旧 Marathon Ashland Petroleum LLP**
 
Chocolate BayouConocoPhillips
 Lake CharlesCITGOConocoPhillips

 * CITGO Petroleumowned by PDV America, Inc., an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Petro'leos de Venezuela, S.A.,
              the national oil company of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
        * PDVSA to sell LYONDELL-CITGO Refining stake to partner Lyondell
 ** Marathon Ashland 1998設立(Marathon 62%/Ashland 38%2005Marathon が買収)

 

Texas Ethylene Plant Capacities  
Company Location      :              Capacity 百万lbs/y

BASF/Atofina (60:40 JV)

Port Arthur

2,000

BP                         

Chocolate Bayou 1

1,500

Chocolate Bayou 2

1,750

CP Chem
(Chevron Phillips LP)

Cedar Bayou

1,750

Port Arthur

1,800

Sweeny 12

400

Sweeny 22

650

Sweeny 24,

1,450

Sweeny 33

2,050

Dow

Freeport (LH7)

1,300

Freeport (LH8)

2,100

Seadrift

(975)

Texas City

(1,500)

DuPont

Orange

1,300

Eastman

Longview

300

Longview

300

Longview

300

Longview

600

Javelina
jv of El Paso Javelina Co. LP & K-M Javelina LP

Corpus Christi
(off-gas processing )

300

Equistar

Channelview (OP-1)

1,926

Channelview (OP-2)

1,926

Chocolate Bayou

1,200

LaPorte (Deer Park)

1,740

Corpus Christi

1,700

ExxonMobil

Houston

755

Beaumont

1,800

Baytown

4,100

Formosa Point

Comfort

1,600

Point Comfort

1,800

Huntsman

Odessa

700

Port Arthur

1,360

Port Neches

400

Shell

Deer Park

200

  Rita Prompts More Plant Closures

Dow Chemical says it completed shutdowns of its Freeport, TX and Houston-area sites early this morning. Dow sites at Clear Lake, Deer Park, Freeport, LaPorte, Seadrift, and Texas City, TX, as well the Dow Haltermann site in Houston are all now secure. Dows Houston business centers are also closed.

Huntsman says it has suspended operations at Chocolate Bayou, Conroe, Dayton, Freeport, Port Arthur, and Port Neches, TX. Huntsman says it has also evacuated its headquarters and research and technology center in the Woodlands, TX. The closures will impact the production of butadiene, cyclohexane, ethylene, ethylene glycol, propylene, MTBE, propylene oxide, and amines and surfactants.

Rohm and Haas has shut down its Bayport, Deer Park, and Lone Star, TX plants, as well as its Weeks Island, LA facility. All other facilities in North America currently remain operational. It has also placed its salt mine operations at Grand Saline, TX on standby. As soon as the storm passes through, we will assess any impact and get our facilities up and running again as soon as possible,says Thomas L. Archibald, Rohm and Haas v.p. and director/operations and engineering.

Celanese says it has closed its Bay City, Bishop, Clear Lake, and Pasadena, TX facilities, and as a result, its ability to supply customers will be impacted at least for the duration of the shutdowns.

Chemical firms are also feeling an indirect hit from RitaCytec Industries says it shutdown its Fortier, LA plant last night due to supply disruptions along Ritas projected path.

Hurricane Ritas winds have weakened slightly this morning to 135 MPH, but it is still expected to come ashore as a major hurricane, according to an advisory issued by the National Hurricane Center (NHC; Miami) at 10 am CDT today. The core of Rita is currently forecast to make landfall along the southwest Louisiana and upper Texas coastsnear major chemical production facilities in Port Arthur, and Beaumont, TX, and Lake Charles, LA--early Saturday morning, according to NHC. The storm was 210 miles southeast of Port Arthur at 10 am CDT and is moving southwest at 10 MPH, according to NHC. (Chemical Week September 23, 2005

DuPont operates nine manufacturing facilities in the Texas Gulf Coast area including: Corpus Christi, Victoria, Bayport, Baytown, LaPorte, Houston, South Houston, Beaumont, and Sabine. The company said each of these sites is initiating hurricane preparedness procedures as outlined in their facility risk management plans. (September 23, 2005)

 


Platts 2006/8/15

PDVSA to sell Houston refinery stake to partner Lyondell

Citgo, the US-based subsidiary of Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA, will sell its share in Houston's 265,000 b/d Lyondell refinery to its partner, the Lyondell Chemical Co., PDVSA president Rafael Ramirez said Tuesday.

Ramirez said PDVSA decided to sell the refinery because price formulas built into its contract with Lyondell discounted the price of Venezuelan crude when oil prices were low. Those price formulas forced Venezuela to sell its crude to the refinery at an average price of $2.09/barrel less than its price on the open market between 1993 and 2004.

Citgo and Lyondell signed a letter of intent in April to jointly sell the whole refinery, which is the 11th largest in the US and can upgrade heavy crude and can process jet fuel and low-sulfur diesel.

But on July 16, Lyondell informed Citgo that it wanted to buy its participation in the refinery directly, citing its contractual preferences, he said.