Braskem   Politeno

OPP Polietilenos at Triunfo manufactures polyethylene in two swing plants capable of producing LLDPE and HDPE fromethylene supplied by COPESUL.

*1 Polialden HDPE 三菱化学、日商岩井が出資 → 両社株式売却
*2 Politeno  住友化学、伊藤忠が出資
*3 Ciquine  三菱化学、日商岩井が出資 → 両社株式売却
*4 BraskemOPP, Nitrocarbonoを吸収
*5 Trikem PVC 三菱化学、日商岩井が出資 → 両社株式売却
*6 BraskemがTrikemを吸収 (Odebrechtから分離

Odebrecht/Mariani Central BankからConepar株式63.82%を買収し、グループで100%保有

Copesul Located in Triunfo, a county of the state of Rio Grande do Sul

Classified as a large-size cracker, Copesul produces about 40% of ethylene consumed in Brazil, nameplate capacity of 1.135 million tons/year. Besides ethylene, its main product, Copesul produces propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylenes, MTBE, butene-1, propane, and others, a total of 3 million tons per year of petrochemicals. More than 80% are consumed in South Petrochemical Complex. Remaining products are sold to other Brazilian states or exported.

Copesul was privatized in 1992

Ipiranga Group  29,46 %  
Braskem Odebrecht Group  29,46%  
Petroquisa  15,63%  
Others* 25,45%  
* Banks, pension funds, other investors.

Suzano Petroqui'mica

Latin American leader in the production of polypropylene resins and the 2nd largest producer of thermoplastic resins in Brazil.

The Company has a production capacity of 625 thousand tons/year of polypropylene distributed within its three facilities located in Maua (State of Sao Paulo), Duque de Caxias (State of Rio de Janeiro) and Camacari (State of Bahia).

 Polibrasil Basell から買収
total production capacity of 625 kton/year of polypropylene and 25 kton/year of compound polypropylene. The agreement also encompasses the simultaneous sale to Basell of the totality of the polypropylene compounding business of Polibrasil.

(Polypropylene Resins)
Installed Capacity
(thousand ton/year)
after expansion
(thousand ton/year)

Duque de Caxias













Suzano Petroquimica is a joint controlling shareholder of Riopol and Politeno, polyethylene producers, and Petroflex, synthetic elastomer producer; both products are raw materials for the converters, as the polypropylene (more details at Suzano´s Groups section).



Riopol was created in 1996 to implement a grand project, the Rio de Janeiro Gas-Chemical Production Complex, in the vicinity of the Duque de Caxias refinery - Reduc, owned by Petrobras. The Complex was inaugurated on 23 June, 2005 and is comprised of two units - an ethane and propane pyrolysis unit, with installed capacity of 520 thousand ton/year of ethylene, and another unit producing high density (HDPE) and low density (LLDPE) polyethylene, with installed capacity of 540thousand ton/year.

Rio Poli'meros' Pyrolysis Unit has an annual production capacity of 520.0 thousand tons of ethylene and 75.0 thousand tons of propylene. Additionally, this unit has an annual production capacity of 5.0 thousand tons of hydrogen and 33.0 thousand tons of pyrolysis gasoline.

The Polymerization unit, on the other hand, has two independent production lines with an annual capacity of
270.0 thousand tons of polyethylenes each, for a total annual capacity of 540.0 thousand tons of polyethylene. This unit is of the swing type, capable of producing LLDPE and HDPE. This flexibility allows for adapting the product mix to the needs of the market.

The Rio de Janeiro Gas-Chemical Production Complex is the first Brazilian petrochemical complex to use natural gas fractions as petrochemical raw-material to manufacture ethylene and the first integrated petrochemical project in Brazil, gathering production units of ethylene and polyethylene.

The shareholders of Riopol are
Suzano Petroqui'mica (33,33%), Unipar (33,33%), Petroquisa (16,66%) and BNDESPAR (16,66%).


PQU, Brazil's first basic petrochemical products plant, was incorporated December 12, 1966 under the name Petroqui'mica Unia~o Ltda.,

From 1971 onward, PQU's shareholder body was composed by 90% of domestic capital, from Petrobras (Petroquisa 17.5%) and Unipar(37.2%), a domestic private group(Suzano 6.8%), and 10% of foreign capital, from companies such as International Finance Corporation, Provident International Corporation, Citicorp, and Venture Capital Ltd.

In November 1980, the DBN I (Debottlenecking) project was completed, increasing ethylene production from 300 thousand to 360 thousand tons per year. now 500


Ipiranga Petroquimica produces four thermoplastic resins present in several day-by-day products.

The High, Medium and Linear Low Density Polyethylenes (HDPE, MDPE and LLDPE), besides Polypropylene (PP), are produced in the five industrial plants in the Petrochemical Complex of Triunfo-RS.

Ipiranga Petroquimica was founded in 1976 and it was first called Polisul Petroquimica.
Hoechst (Germany), Petroquisa (state owned company) and Empresas Petroleo Ipiranga (one of the largest private company in Brazil) were the only Polisul shareholders.
It was in 1992 that
Ipiranga and Hoechst bought Petroquisa's shares, taking over the control of Polisul. By that time, each shareholder had 50% of the company.

By the year 1997, Hoechst shareholders decided to focus their investments in science and health business. That was the opportunity when
Ipiranga bought Hoechst shares and the name Polisul Petroquimica was changed to Ipiranga Petroquimica (now 100% owned by Empresas de Petroleo Ipiranga).

The petrochemical site of Triunfo (South Brazil) has many companies but Ipiranga was the first one to start up in 1982 (together with the cracker - COPESUL). It first began with a HDPE 60.000 ton/year capacity.

In 1986, the industrial plant was debottlenecked in order to produce 100.000 ton/year.

In 1990, a second industrial plant was built and it raised the HDPE production capacity to 220.000 ton/year.

The third unit to start up was built in 1996, reaching 350.000 ton/year HDPE production capacity.

The 150.000 ton/year PP plant and the 150.000 ton/year HDPE/LLDPE swing plant started producing in 1999.

In its Brazilian site (Triunfo), Ipiranga is able to produce
150.000 ton/year of PP, 400.000 ton/year HDPE and 150.000 ton/year HDPE/LLDPE in its five (05) petrochemical units.


The birth of UNIPAR is entwined with the origin of the petrochemical industry in Brazil, ? and consequently with an important part of the countrys History.

When the Federal Government opened up the importation and processing of crude oil to private enterprise, Refinaria União was a pioneering enterprise which, for two decades, became a landmark not only because it processed 20,000 barrels per day and employed the most modern technology in the sector, but especially because it trained hundreds of high-level technicians in specialties that had not existed in Brazil up to that time.

It was these new professionals who employed all their knowledge in the installation of the first Petrochemical Complex in Brazil, a successful enterprise of the União Group, which would later give rise to UNIPAR-União de Indústrias Petroquímicas S.A. With the inauguration of Petroquímica União (PQU), in São Paulo, Brazil started producing ethylene, propylene and other raw materials for second generation industries. In addition to Petroquímica União(PQU), Poliolefinas, Carbocloro, Empresa Brasileira de Tetrâmero, Brasivil-Resinas Vinílicas and Copamo-Consórcio Paulista de Monômero were part of UNIPARs very significant initial assets.

Meanwhile, UNIPAR has become a Group of ten distinct businesses and a listed corporation, which, among other projects, is taking part in the installation of the first Gas-Chemical Complex in Brazil: Rio Polímeros, in Duque de Caxias, State of Rio de Janeiro, which is expected to start up in 2004.

 Hydrochloric acid, liquid chlorine, EDC, sodium hypochlorite, caustic soda,
Polietilenos Uniao EVA LDPE

Chevron Phillips Chemical's proprietary loop slurry PE technology will be employed in a new 200,000 metric tons per year reactor that is part of Polietilenos Uniao's strategic PE expansion at its plant in Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brazil. The facility is expected to startup in 2007.

The new plant which will produce HDPE/LLDPE and will go onstream by mid 2007, more than doubling Polietilenos União's PE capacity. (2005/1)

Petroquímica União   PQU

Unipar's expansion project is to increase the installed capacity of the ethylene plant at subsidiary Petroquimica Uniao (PQU) by 200,000 tons a year (t/y) to 720,000t/y.

The expansion would reportedly need 350,000t/y of gas and 200,000t/y of naphtha, which Petrobras should be able to provide from its Recap (Capuava) and Revap (Henrique Lage) refineries.

Rio Polímeros   Piopol


Company Main Products Final Uses
Chemical Division
Resins and Fibers
Industrial Detergents
Polietilenos União LDPE
Plastic Packages and Articles
Petroquímica União Ethylene
Plastics and Resins
Resins and Fibers
Fibers and Anhydrides
Anhydrides and Plasticizers
Carbocloro Chlorine
Water treatment and in the Chemical, Steel, and Pulp & Paper Industries

Petroflex Synthetic Rubbers Tyres
Rubber Articles
Polibutenos Polyisobutenes Lube Additives
Rio Polímeros LLDPE
Plastic Packages and Articles


Petroquisa  Petrobras Quimica S/A

 Exploration & Production
 Natural Gas
 Transportation and Storage

Petrobras Quimica S.A - Petroquisa
PETROQUISA, Petrobras subsidiary, was incorporated by Decree no. 61.981, dated December 28, 1967, to develop and consolidate the chemical and petrochemical industry in Brazil. The purpose of the company is to participate in companies operating in the manufacture, trade, distribution, transportation, import and export of chemical and petrochemical products, in general. Moreover, it can perform all the aforementioned activities directly. After its incorporation,
three petrochemical complexes were built - in Sao Paulo, Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul.

PETROQUISA is present in the three Brazilian petrochemical centers, through its holdings in
BRASKEM, Petroquimica Uniao (PQU), and COPESUL, companies responsible for the production (from naphtha, a petroleum byproduct feedstock for the petrochemical industry) of basic petrochemical products (ethylene, propane, benzene, etc), feedstock for second generation plants to manufacture other products (plastics, rubber, etc.) used by state-of-the-art industries in manufacturing articles for public consumption (packaging, tires, etc.).

PETROQUISA also has interest in six other operational firms, as well as in Rio Polimeros S.A., affiliate responsible for the Rio de Janeiro Chemical Gas Complex, a project under construction next to Duque de Caxias refinery in Rio de Janeiro.

Braskem S.A. Basic, intermediate and fi nal petrochemicals 10.0 8.4
Cia. Petroquimica do Sul - Copesul Basic petrochemicals 15.6 15.6
Petroquimica Uniao S.A. Basic petrochemicals 17.5 17.4
Metanol do Nordeste - Metanor S.A Methanol 49.5 33.4
Deten Quimica S.A. Linear alkylbenzene 28.6 27.5
Fabrica Carioca de Catalisadores S.A. Catalyzers 50.0 50.0
Petrocoque S.A. Industria e Comercio Calcinated petroleum coke 35.0 35.0
Petroquimica Triunfo S.A. Low density polyethylene 70.5 85.0
Rio Polimeros S.A. (Riopol) Polyethylene 16.7 16.7

Petroquimica Triunfo
In May, Petroquisa exercised its preemptive right to acquire the shares held by Primera (part of the Dow-Quimica group) in Petroquimica Triunfos capital. On the conclusion of this operation, Petroquisas stake in the voting capital was increased from 45.22% to 60.63% and corresponding to 80.07% of Petroquimica Triunfos total capital. Petroquisa disbursed approximately US$ 25.5 million for this additional stake.
Subsequently, Petroquisa acquired the remainder of Primera
s stake in the company given that the other partner, petroplastic, decided not to exercise its preemptive rights.
As a result, Petroquisa
s final participation in the company was increased to 70.45% of the voting capital and to 85.04% of the total capital, the company disbursing a further US$ 32 million.

Rio Polimeros S.A. (Riopol) a company owned by Suzano (33.3%), Unipar (33.3%), Petroquisa (16.7%) and BNDESPar (16.7%), is concluding the construction of a new petrochemicals plant in Duque de Caxias, state of Rio de Janeiro.
With operations scheduled to come on stream in the fi rst half of 2005, Rio Polimeros will have an annual production of 515 thousand tons of polyethylene with various specifications and 76 thousand tons of propene, using as raw materials ethane and propane extracted from Campos Basin natural gas. The total investment is estimated at US$ 1 billion

BNDESPAR. Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Economico e Social Participacoes

the private-sector investment arm of Brazil's National Development Bank, BNDES,


Petroflex  Duque de Caxias (RJ), Triunfo (RS) e Cabo (PE)

Largest producer in Latin America, and sixth in the world, Petroflex holds today approximately 80% of market share in the Brazilian elastomers market. It has 3 industrial units: Duque de Caxias, State of Rio de Janeiro; Triunfo, State of Rio Grande do Sul and Cabo, State of Pernambuco, all certified by ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 standards, amounting to a total installed capacity of 410 thousand ton/year. Petroflex exports approximately 30% of its production to over 70 countries.

Petroflex offers more than 70 types of elastomers produced with raw materials from oil byproducts. Its products include synthetic ESBR, SSBR and BR rubbers, thermoplastic TR rubber, synthetic latex, PBLH and nitrilic NBR rubbers.

Units Installed Capacity
(thousand tons/year)

Duque de Caxias








Created by Petrobras in 1962, Petroflex was the first petrochemical company to be privatized in Brazil, in 1992, as part of the National Privatization Program (PND). Petroflex is controlled by Suzano Petroqui'mica(20.1%), Braskem(20.1%)and Unipar(10.1%), which hold, together, 50.3% of the total capital.

March 31, 2014  

Synthos announces its plan to invest in Brazil

Synthos S.A. is planning to build a neodymium polybutadiene rubber plant in Triunfo Petrochemical Complex in Rio Grande do Sul.

Synthos S.A. is planning to build a neodymium polybutadiene rubber plant in Triunfo Petrochemical Complex in Rio Grande do Sul. The investment will be carried out provided that the 2013 contracts on raw material supplies will come into effect.

Upon the implementation of those contracts, the company will build a modern production plant producing neodymium polybutadiene rubber (NdBR) used to manufacture high-performance car and truck tires and various technical rubber products. The plant capacity will reach 80,000 tonnes per year, which will result in a huge production growth of elastomers in Brazil and will replace a significant part of the current import.

Considering the growing demand for synthetic rubber in Brazil and other South American countries, we will not aim at replacing the local production, but try to substitute the import into the region,” said Tomasz Kalwat, CEO, Synthos S.A.

The production of polybutadiene rubber in Brazil will be based on the license granted by Michelin.

2013/6/26   Michelin とChandra Asri 、インドネシアに合成ゴム製造JV設立

Synthos has signed contract agreements with tire manufacturers Michelin and Pirelli regarding the supply of NdBR to their facilities in Brazil.

The time remaining until the implementation of contracts will be dedicated to the preparation of the necessary documentation (including project documents) without incurring substantial financial liabilities.
Brazil is the world’s seventh economy and the largest economy in South America. It is one of the emerging markets with high growth potential. Synthos S.A. continuously emphasises its presence on that market. In 2012, our rubber export to South America amounted to 3.3%, and in 2013 it reached 6.3%.
According to the Polish Foreign Market Research Lab, in the first three quarters of 2013, the sales of tires for new cars in Brazil increased by 9%. The replacement tires market  increased by 11% as compared to the previous period. Thus, the Brazilian market and other South American economies are highly attractive.


Synthos S.A. is one of the largest manufacturers of chemical raw materials in Poland, as well as being Europes No. 1 manufacturer of rubber emulsions and third largest manufacturer of polystyrene for foaming applications. Synthos S.A. was established on the basis of Firma Chemiczna Dwory S.A. and Kaucuk a.s.

旧称 Dwory で、チェコのKaucuk買収後、改称した。

October 5th, 2008 - Dwory S.A. sign a licensing contract with the Michelin company for the purchase of polybutadiene rubber production technology.
At the same time, a commercial contract for deliveries of this type of rubber to Michelin is signed for a period of at least seven years from the start of production. Polybutadiene rubbers produced according to the neodymium technology purchased from Michelin are among the newest generation of rubbers used to produce tires with improved safety standards, including tires made for higher speeds.

October 23rd, 2007 – The Chemical Company changes its name to Synthos S.A. The assumption of a new name is an effect of organizational changes related to the finalization of the acquisition process of the Czech company, Kaucuk a.s.


Synthos S.A. is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of synthetic rubber. The company is the largest European manufacturer of styrene butadiene rubber (ESBR), and also offers neodymium polybutadiene rubber (NdBR), the production of which started in 2011, and high styrene rubber (HSR). In 2012, a contract was signed with Goodyear for the license of production of solution styrene butadiene rubber (SSBR) to start in 2015. The NdBR and SSBR rubber is used for production of high-performance tires, so called green tires.

Production of NdBR polybutadiene rubbers begins in the III quarter of 2011 in Kralupy. Production is carried out using a neodymium catalyzer. Production capacity amounts to 80 thous. tons per year.

In June, 2012, a licensing contract is signed with The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, the object of which is for Goodyear to grant access to advanced SSBR rubber production technology. The start-up of a production unit operating based on the acquired technology is planned for 2015. 
In 2013, The construction of the SSBR rubber installation is started at Synthos Dwory. The cost of the investment will amount to 568 mln PLN, out of which 147 mln PLN will constitute financing from EU funds.


Synthos S.A. is a leading producer of EPS in Europe.

Expandable polystyrene (PS-E or EPS) is a polymer compound containing pentanes allowing expansion. EPS may contain additives enhancing the processing or giving the foam specific properties. These are fire-retardants, agents reducing heat transfer and water absorption, external lubricants for enhanced processing, colourants etc.

 SynthosXPS 押出 発 泡 ポリスチレン

The XPS extruded polystyrene is characterised by very good thermal insulation, resistance to humidity impact and high strength. Based on its long-time experience in the field, Synthos S.A. has created an entirely new product – Synthos XPS, based on extruded polystyrene.

Synthos XPS is a homogeneous construction material, characterised by a smooth surface and a structure made of small, closed cells. This structure makes it an ideal product for numerous heat-insulating applications.


Polystyrene products delivered under the trade name SYNTHOS PS are manufactured in the continuous block polymerisation process at Synthos Dwory and SYNTHOS Karlupy a.s. in the Czech Republic. Synthos S.A. manufactures and offers polystyrene of high quality and stability.


OSAKRYL®, WINACET® are market brands of water dispersions produced by Synthos S.A. The Winacet® group includes mostly vinyl acetate-based dispersions, while the Osakryl® group includes acrylic and styreneacrylic products as well as acrylic monomer copolymers with other monomers. At present, the portfolio of Synthos water dispersions satisfies the needs of broadly understood construction chemicals manufacturers, i.e. manufacturers of paints, plasters, primers, putties, including decorative putties (stucco), adhesives and many other products.


Synthos Adhesives is a division of Synthos S.A., the leading European manufacturer of chemicals.


NKNK(Nizhnekamskneftekhim) is one of the biggest producers and exporters of petrochemical products in the Russian Federation.
KKPC:Kumho Petrochemical
SIBUR Group GAZPROM100%出資するロシア最大の垂直統合石油化学会社
Polimeri EuropaENI 100%
(Pty) Ltd is a South African manufacturer of various types of synthetic rubber